Showing posts with label Ireland. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ireland. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Tombstone Tuesday ~ Rev. William Homes and wife, Katherine Craighead, Chilmark, Massachusetts

These gravestones were photographed at the Abel's Hill Cemetery, Chilmark, Massachusetts, pn the island of Martha's Vineyard by my sister Laurel Wilkinson, and her friend Kate Fournier.  They used an iPad to get these photos, which came out terrific considering the great age of the tombstones.  Genealogy blogger Barbara Poole, at "Life from the Roots" uses an iPad for her fantastic photography, too.   I was able to very clearly read the epitaphs on these photos so I could transcribe them below.  Someday I'd like to visit this cemetery, which my sister reports is full of names from our family tree, like MAYHEW and DAGGETT.

the Reverend learned
emenently prudent &
pious Mr.  William Homes
the pastor of the Church
of Christ in Chilmark
who departed this life
June ye 27th 1746 in ye
83rd year of his age.

APRIL YE 10TH 1754

William Homes and Katherine Craighead are my 9th great grandparents.  The Reverend Homes was born in 1663 in Donaghmore, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland.  He was pastor of the church at Chilmark, on the island of Martha's Vineyard off the coast of Massachusetts.  His wife, Katherine Craighead, was the daugher of another Ulster Presbyterian minister from Northern Ireland, the Reverend Robert Craighead.

Don't you love the great use of adjectives on these two tombstones?  The Homes family, or perhaps their congregation, must have been quite wealthy to pay for all the extra adjectives carved onto Rev. William Homes's epitaph.

Click here to read my "Surname Saturday" blog posts on these families:



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Copyright (c) 2014, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Friday, April 11, 2014

Rev. James McGregor (1677 - 1729) of Nutfield, New Hampshire to be honored in Aghadowey, Northern Ireland

Richard Holmes, Derry Town Historian,
thanks to the Union Leader newspaper

A Press Release by Rick Holmes, the Town Historian of Derry, New Hampshire:

Blue Plaque Presentation, 2014

On July 28, 2014 the Rev. James McGregor (1677-1729) of Derry, NH will be honored with a “Blue Plaque” memorial in Aghadowey, Northern Ireland. Rev. McGregor was the leader of the pioneers that in 1719 settled the Nutfield grant in Southern New Hampshire -- now the towns of Derry, Londonderry, Windham as well as portions of Manchester, Hudson, Salem, and Pelham. The Encyclopedia of Irish History in America has called McGregor “the Moses of the Scotch Irish in America.” The plaque will be put up by the Ulster History Circle, with funding from the Ulster-Scots Agency.

The exact particulars of the ceremony on July 28th are still being developed. Derry’s Town Historian Rick Holmes has been invited to take part in the unveiling of the plaque. It is hoped that others from the area can join him at this unique honor being offered to the founder of Derry, Londonderry and Windham by the people of Northern Ireland. We are possibly the only town in America to have its founder so officially honored “across the pond.” 

History of the Blue Plaque Scheme

The original “Blue Plaque” scheme was started in London in 1867 with the goal of installing permanent signs in public places ‘to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person or event.” Examples of such commemorated sites include the homes of such luminaries as Charles Dickens, Napoleon III, Sigmund Freud, Benjamin Franklin and Lord Byron and even several buildings associated with the Beatles. The popularity of these plaques in London led to similar programs being run across the United Kingdom and now even in Paris, Rome, Oslo and Dublin.

 Since 1983 the Blue Plaque program in Northern Ireland has been under the administration of the Ulster History Circle. The circle is a wholly voluntary organization that relies on local councils, businesses, individuals, and organizations to fund the plaques. To this date they have erected over 170 plaques throughout the 5345 square miles of Northern Ireland. The Ulster History Circle has also recently installed one plaque in County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland.

Most of the plaques in Northern Ireland honor individuals who, while having distinguished careers, are likely unknown to most Americans. There are however a number which have established world-wide fame. Among these are:
      Cecil Frances Alexander (1818-1899) writer of the hymn All Things Bright and 
      Samuel Beckett (1906-1999) playwright and Nobel Laureate
      John Dunlop (1840-1921) inventor of the pneumatic tire
      C.S. Lewis (1898-1963) author of the Narnia stories
      Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) inventor of wireless communication
      Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) King of Scots
      Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) scientist
      Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) author of Gulliver’s Travels
      Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) author and wit
Only 2 other Blue Plaques from the History Circle recognize Ulster-born individuals who are chiefly associated with America; one is for the Rev. Francis Makemie (1657-1708,) the “father of Presbyterianism” in America. His plaque is near his birthplace in Ramelton, County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland. The other is at the town of Strabane, NI in honor of Ezekiel J. Donnell (1822-1896,) an “industrialist, polemicist and philanthropist” of New York City

Background on Rev. James McGregor:

James McGregor was likely born in Northern Ireland (Ulster,) circa 1677 of Scottish ancestry; some believe he was the cousin of the famous Rob Roy McGregor. As a 12 year old boy he was trapped in the city of Londonderry during the 105 day long siege of the city by the forces of King James II in 1689. It is said that McGregor was standing on the tower of the city’s cathedral and was the first to signal the starving people of the city that a rescue boat had broke through the Jacobite blockade. In 1701 he became the pastor of a small Presbyterian church in Aghadowey and soon became known as the village’s peacemaker. In 1710 the synod gave him the privilege to preach in the Gaelic language.

 During the 2nd decade of the 18th century times began to grow tough for the Scots in Ireland. The British government issued a number of edicts favoring the Anglican Church which was the established (official) church. No longer were Presbyterians allowed to hold office, teach or to conduct most civil ceremonies such as marriages and funerals. Economic laws hurt the Ulster Scots in making a living by selling linen, their chief source of income. Rents on English owned lands were also on the rise. Soon there was a fever for emigration throughout Ulster. While for decades Presbyterian Scots and Ulster Scots had been immigrating to the British colonies in America, the first to do in a big way was Rev. McGregor
 In 1718 Rev. James McGregor and the major part of his congregation set sail for America on the brigantine Robert. This group consisted of perhaps 200 souls, representing 3 or 4 generations of Ulster’s history. They were primarily from16 families and ranged in age from babes-in-arms to an elderly couple nearly ninety years old. A few were landed local gentry but most were poor tenants of crown land. All were willing to follow the charismatic McGregor 3000 miles west to start a new Ulster in America. All shared the faith that their God and their pastor would lead them safely across 3000 miles of open ocean, despite the dangers of fierce storms and cut-throat pirates. Setting out, they truly believed with the Apostle Paul, “If God is for us who can be against us?”

 Each adult was aware that in the New World there was the possibility of Indian attacks, starvation, and disease. They were to become “strangers in a strange land.” Each knew that for the first time in their life, they would be without any kith or kin to give them comfort. They also knew that they would likely never see their Ulster friends again or walk the familiar green hills of the Bann Valley. They were giving up everything they had known to start a new life in the American wilderness. Despite these dangers the 16 families were united in their willingness to follow McGregor to America.   

Arriving in New England they found they were unwelcomed by the Puritans of Boston. Despite this hostility the 16 families stayed united behind pastor McGregor. They had come too far to turn back. Soon they were diverted to Maine where they suffered through a long, cold winter. Returning south in the spring they heard about an unoccupied piece of land in the province of New Hampshire that had been previously named Nutfield. In 1719 McGregor persuaded the Royal Governor to give the Ulster pioneers the 144 square mile wilderness grant. This thickly forested land was many miles from any other community…. or even from roads. Here in Nutfield they could establish their village on a hill; their new Ulster would be where they could be culturally Scots, raise their families, weave linen and worship in their own kirk. Beside their faith and culture, the Nutfield Pioneers also brought potatoes to North America. In the common field in 1719 they planted what is commonly recognized as the first crop of pradies in North America.

 By the end of the first year the Nutfield colony was judged a success. Under McGregor the community soon built a meeting house, church and a school. Nearly every house was soon spinning and weaving linen that quickly became known as the best in America. In 1722 Nutfield was incorporated as a town and took as it’s the official name: Londonderry.
The news of the success of Londonderry soon spread back to Ulster and thousands were inspired to follow McGregor across the Atlantic to the New World. Many Ulster Scots during the 1720’s came initially to “Londonderry in New England” before settling in other places which still had cheap land. There are dozens of towns in Canada and America which were founded by ex pats from McGregor’s town; some even named their new towns “Londonderry” after the town in New Hampshire. Rev. James McGregor died in 1729; he was only 52 years old. He is buried underneath an impressive red sandstone grave stone in the Forest Hill Cemetery in East Derry, directly behind the site of the church he founded in 1719. One additional matter of interest is that genealogical research has proven that the  Rev. James McGregor is the great, great, great, great, great, great grandfather of Secretary of State John Kerry.


1. Each year the Ulster History Circle receives many nominations for Blue Plaques. The basic criterion for approving the selection is that individuals to be honored must:
 ·         Be dead for 20 years or, if less, have passed the centenary of their birth;
 ·         Be associated with the province of Ulster through birth, education, work or vocation;
 ·         Have made a significant contribution to the development or delivery of education, industry, commerce, science, arts and literature, politics, international affairs or other calling anywhere in the world.
    2. The term “scheme” is Brit-speak for “plan” or “proposal.”

     3. The American term “Scotch Irish” is never used in the UK. The preferred phrase is     
        “Ulster Scots.”
     4.  During the 18th century the proper name McGregor was spelled in several
           different ways such as “MacGregor”, “Macgregor,” “McGregor” Mcgregor and
           “M’Gregor”  as well as having those 5 variant spellings having an “e” as the   
           last letter. IE “McGregore.” 

Friday, March 14, 2014

Is Everyone Irish on St. Patrick’s Day?

Most of my ancestors are from England with a few exceptions. Sprinkled among my English ancestors are a Dutch stowaway, a Hessian Soldier, a 1650 Scots Prisoner of War, and several Ulster Presbyterians with Scots roots.  There are also several noble connections in my family tree which lead back to Normans (Vikings), Plantagenets with Spanish and French brides, and more Scots.  According to the “Ethnicity Estimate” for my DNA at I tested for 100% European, with a breakdown of 79% Europe West, 18% Ireland and 3% Iberian Peninsula and less than 1% Great Britain.  

The 18% Irish DNA has me stumped.  Of course there are plenty of brickwall maiden names in my tree, and I have only traced my WILKINSON maiden name back to London around 1690. So who are these Irish ancestors that are supposed to be hanging off my family tree? Did some of my Ulster Presbyterian ancestors have Irish spouses?  Were some of my English ancestors of Irish heritage in the centuries past? Were some of my Scots originally from Ireland?  I haven't yet found proof of a single Irish man or woman in my research.

My most heavily researched Scots lineage is MUNROE.  My immigrant ancestor in this line was William MUNROE, my 7th great grandfather, captured in 1650 at the Battle of Worcester and marched to London as a prisoner of war.  He was put on a ship to Boston and sold into servitude on the wharf at Charlestown, Massachusetts.  His descendants have been heavily researched and documented in New England.  

According to the Clan Munroe website, the surname MUNROE refers to the River Roe in Ireland, their ancient homeland.   The River Roe is located in County Londonderry in Northern Ireland.   The fact that I live today in Londonderry, New Hampshire where one of the first Scots Irish settlements was established in 1719 seems like serendipity.   Everything has come full circle?

Another puzzle is my husband’s DNA test.  He is a first generation American, with parents from Spain.  His test came back 3% African, 96% European and less than 1% West Asian. The breakdown reads 3% North African (the “Moorish” influence on his ancestry), 61% Iberian Peninsula, 21% Italy/Greece, 10% Ireland, 3% Great Britain, 1% Europe West and less than 1% Middle East.   His DNA is typical of the invading Moors, Romans, and invading Celts and other Mediterranean tribes.  What stumps me is that he has more Great Britain DNA than me, and there is a significant amount of Irish in him!  

We’ll both be wearing green on St. Patrick’s Day!

Celebrate your possible Irish roots with free access to selected Irish records at this weekend, through Saint Patrick's Day (March 17th)- 

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Copyright © 2014, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Saturday, February 22, 2014

Surname Saturday ~ CRAIGHEAD, A family of Scots Irish Presbyterians


Reverend Robert Craighead received a Master’s degree from St. Andrews University on 15 February 1653.  He went to Northern Ireland for 30 years as the pastor of the Presbyterian church at Donoughmore.   He witnessed the siege of Londonderry, escaped and went to Glasgow, Scotland, but returned to die in Londonderry, Northern Ireland on 22 August 1711.

Robert Craighead married Agnes, the daughter of Reverend John Hart of Taughboyne, Northern Ireland.   Their daughter Katherine, my 9th great grandmother, married the Reverend William Homes and came to Massachusetts.  They also had three sons.  Robert Craighead, Jr. also became a Presbyterian minister and studied at Glasgow, Edinburgh and Leiden where he received a Master’s degree.  He was a longtime minister in Dublin.  Another son, Thomas, also studied in Edinburgh and became a Presbyterian minister.  He came with his sister to New England and became a minster at Freetown, Massachusetts.  In 1724 he became a pastor at White Clay Creek, Delaware, and later went to Pennsylvania.

The Craigheads were a very important family in the history of Presbyterianism in America.  Many descendants became ministers in the New World.

For more information on Robert Craighead:

 Craighead Family, A Genealogical Memoir by Rev. James Geddes Craighead, Philadelphia, 1876.  This book is available at the New England Historic Genealogical Society library in Boston on the shelves and also on microfiche.  It is available online at the Hathi Trust Digital Library, too. 

A good book about the siege of Londonderry is Seige City: The Story of Derry and Londondery, by Brian Lacey, Blackstaff Press, Belfast, 1990. 

My Craighead Genealogy:

Generation 1:  John Craighead

Genreration 2: Thomas Craighead born in Scotland; married in 1620 in Aberdeen, Scotland to Janet Ferguson

Generation 3: Reverend Robert Craighead, born about 1630 in Scotland, died 22 August 1711 in Derry, Northern Ireland; married Agnes Hart, daughter of Reverend John Hart and Agnes Baxter.  She was born 17 December 1648 in Dunino, Fife, Scotland.

Generation 4: Katherine Craighead, born about 1678 and died 10 April 1754 in Chilmark, Massachusetts; married on 25 September 1693 in Londonderry, Northern Ireland to Reverend William Homes, born 1663 in Donaghmore, Tyrone, Northern Ireland and died 20 June 1746 in Chilmark. Nine children born in Straban, Tyrone, Northern Ireland.

Generation 5: Margaret Homes m. John Allen
Generation 6: Rebecca Allen m. Wilmot Wass
Generation 7: Sarah Wass m. Samuel Osborn
Generation 8: Sarah Osborn m. Charles Skinner
Generation 9: Ann Skinner m. Thomas Ratchford Lyons
Generation 10: Isabella Lyons m. Rev. Ingraham Ebenezer Bill
Generation 11: Caleb Rand Bill m. Ann Margaret Bollman
Generation 12: Isabella Lyons Bill m. Albert Munroe Wilkinson
Generation 13: Donald Munroe Wilkinson m. Bertha Louise Roberts (my grandparents)

The URL for this post is 

Copyright © 2014, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Surname Saturday ~ HOMES of Northern Ireland and Martha's Vineyard


William Homes is one of the few ancestors I have who was born in Northern Ireland.  He also has a Londonderry, New Hampshire connection, which is fun!  As a young man, William Homes came to Martha’s Vineyard island off Massachusetts to teach school from 1686 – 1689.  He then returned to Ireland where he was ordained in 1692 in the village of Strabane, and he also married there.  His wife was Katherine Craghead, daughter of Reverend Robert Craighead of Donaghmore.   He was the pastor at Strabane until about 1714 when he took his family back to Martha’s Vineyard.

He was made the pastor at Chilmark on 15 September 1715, where he served until he died in 1746.  His children married well into prominent New England families.  His son Robert married Mary Franklin, sister of Benjamin Franklin, who is my first cousin many generations removed in another lineage.  One daughter, Katherine, married Samuel Smith, son of my great uncle many generations removed in another lineage.  This is a very tangled family tree!

According to the Irish professor, Linde Lunney, the Craighead and Homes families traveled together to Boston in 1714.  They were well received by the Puritan leadership because the Presbyterian doctorine was Calvinist.   Cotton Mather had met with his son, Robert Homes, a sea captain, prior to their arrival, and brought back information to Northern Ireland, leading the Presbyterians to believe they would be welcome to re-settle in New England.   Reverend Edward L. Parker, author of The History of Londonderry [New Hampshire], speculated that these families “influenced the decision of hundreds or even thousands of Ulster-Scots to leave Ireland for new opportunities in America.”   Robert Homes is the son who married Mary Franklin of Boston.  (see page 34 of Parker's book)

After witnessing the seige of Londonderry in Northern Ireland, and losing many of their rights to worship as Presbyterians, the Ulster Scots were anxious to resettle in North America.  When the first fleet of Presbyterians arrived in Boston, they weren't exactly welcomed, and were sent to places like New Hampshire, Maine and Worcester to act as a buffer between the Puritans and the wilderness.  Many of the Presbyterian pastors were sent to far flung villages on Cape Cod and the islands. 

For more information on Reverend William Homes you can read his journal, “Diary of Rev. William Homes of Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, 1689 – 1746”, New England Historic Genealogical Register, NEHGS, Volume 48 0 50, 1894 – 1896.  The manuscript is at the Maine Historical Society in Portland, Maine.

There is also a genealogy of the HOMES family in the NEHGS Register, Volume 91 (1937), pages 159 - 176.  There is a biography of William Homes in the book Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America by Charles Knowles Bolton (viewable at 

MY HOMES/HOLMES genealogy:

Generation 1:  Reverend William Homes, born 1663 in Donaghmore, Tyrone, Northern Ireland, died 20 June 1746 in Chilmark, Massachusetts; married 26 September 1693 in Londonderry, Northern Ireland to Katherine Craighead, daughter of Reverend Robert Craighead and Agnes Hart.   She was born about 1678 and died 10 April 1754 in Chilmark.  Nine children born in Straban.

Generation 2:  Margaret Homes, born 28 February 1696 in Straban, Tyrone, Northern Ireland; died 26 April 1778 in Chilmark; married 1 March 1716 in Chilmark to John Allen, son of James Allen and Elizabeth Partridge.  He was born 1682 in West Tisbury, Massachusetts and died 17 October 1767 in Chilmark.  Thirteen children born in Chilmark.

Generation 3:  Rebecca Allen m. Wilmot Wass
Generation 4: Sarah Wass m. Samuel Osborn
Generation 5: Sarah Osborn m. Charles Skinner
Generation 6: Ann Skinner m. Thomas Ratchford Lyons
Generation 7: Isabella Lyons m. Rev. Ingraham Ebenezer Bill
Generation 8: Caleb Rand Bill m. Ann Margaret Bollman
Generation 9: Isabella Lyons Bill m. Albert Munroe Wilkinson
Generation 10: Donald Munroe Wilkinson m. Bertha Louise Roberts (my grandparents)

A 2013 post about Rev. William Homes: 

The URL for this post is 

Copyright © 2014, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Saturday, December 14, 2013

Surname Saturday ~ OSBORN of Cape Cod and Boston


The Eastham, Massachusetts Windmill

In 1737 Reverend Samuel Osborn deposed that he was educated in Glasgow, Scotland and came to Massachusetts through Ireland, and graduated from the University of Dublin.  His origins are still unknown.  He was teaching school at Sandwich, Massachusetts, and preached a few times at Plymouth when he was invited in 1717 to Eastham, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod, as minister.  Another local minister, Nathaniel Stone, was opposed to ordaining Osborn. 

Nathaniel Stone spent twenty years trying to unseat Samuel Osborn from his church at Eastham.  As Osborn’s church grew bigger, Stone’s shrunk in members.  He inveigled some illiterate Cape Codders church to sign papers against Osborn, but when they were questioned by a church council they either admitted they did not want Osborn to leave or admitted they had never even met him. Stone tried other unethical tactics to defame Osborn, but they all backfired. Osborn’s parishioners loved him, and didn't want him to leave.

Finally, as many of the ministers and deacons who originally appointed and ordained Osborn died off, Stone’s complaints found some sympathetic ears. Another church council met to hear the old charges against Osborn.  One serious charge was that he fathered an illegitimate child. Another serious charge was that he was “venting erroneous doctrines”.  Some theologians believe that Osborn was an early Unitarian, and that his Arminian beliefs were too unorthodox for the Cape Cod community.  He was removed from his ministry in 1738.

Samuel Osborn went to Boston, remarried, and taught school for many years. By 1800 Reverend Nathaniel Stone’s own church became Unitarian. I descend from Reverend Osborn’s illegitimate son.

My Osborn Genealogy:

Generation 1: Reverend Samuel Osborn, probably born in Ireland about 1690 and died in 1774 Boston, Massachusetts; married on 1 January 1710 to Jedidah Smith, daughter of Benjamin Smith and Jedidah Mayhew.  Six children.  He was married second on 19 October 1743 in Boston to Experience Scudder.  No children.  He had an illegitimate son with Mercy Norton, and the child was named Samuel Osborn (see below)

Generation 2: Samuel Osborn, born 1711 at Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, died after 8 October 1753; married on 9 September 1731 in Edgartown to Keziah Butler, born about 1710 in Edgartown and died in October 1768 in Edgartown.  Ten Children.  Keziah remarried to Samuel Pease in 1752.

Generation 3: Samuel Osborn, born about 1732 in Edgartown, died in Nova Scotia; married on 28 April 1755 to Sarah Wass, daughter of Wilmot Wass and Rebecca Allen, born 24 January 1738 in West Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, died about 1813 in Nova Scotia.  Five children.

Generation 4. Sarah Osborn, born 22 July 1760 in Fredricton, New Brunswick, died on 15 July 1848 in Pleasant Valley, Cornwallis County, Nova Scotia; married on 24 November 1774 in New Brunswick to Charles Skinner, son of Aaron Skinner and Eunice Taintor, born 3 January 1748 in Colchester, Connecticut, died before 1837 in Nova Scotia.  Fifteen children.  

Generation 5: Ann Skinner m. Thoams Ratchford Lyons
Generation 6: Isabella Lyons m. Ingraham Ebenezer Bill
Generation 7: Caleb Rand Bill m. Ann Margaret Bollman
Generation 8: Isabella Lyons Bill m. Albert Munroe Wilkinson
Generation 9: Donald Munroe Wilkinson m. Bertha Louise Roberts (my grandparents)

Another blog post about the Osborns:

Sarah Osborn Skinner 1760 – 1848

Two good journal articles about the Reverend Samuel Osborn controversy:

“Ungodly Carriages on Cape Cod: by Gustavus Swift Paine, The New England Quarterly, Volume 25, Number 25, (June 1952), pages 181 to 198.   Available to read online at this link:

“A Caution to Erring Christians: Ecclesiastical Disorder on Cape Cod, 1717 to 1738” by J. M. Bumsted, The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, Volume 28, Number 3 (July 1971) pages 413 – 438.

The URL for this post is 

Copyright © 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Friday, November 1, 2013

BBC Radio Ulster “Kist O’ Wurds” will feature Nutfield History this month!

Chris Spurr photographs Jean Manthorne, Richard Holmes, Heather Rojo and Mark Wilson
in Derry, New Hampshire's Forest Hill Cemetery

In August the BBC Radio Ulster team of Chris Spurr and Mark Wilson came to Derry, New Hampshire to search for and record stories about the early history of Nutfield.  They were looking for evidence of the original Scots Irish culture in New Hampshire, and found a plethora of history and tales when they interviewed Richard Holmes, the Derry Town Historian; Heather Rojo, the President of the Londonderry Historical Society; Jean Manthorne, the President of the Windham Historical Society and also Brad Dinsmore, local historian and a descendant of Robert Dinsmoor, “The Rustic Bard”. 

Why is Derry Town Historian, Richard Holmes, lying on the ground
to read a gravestone?  Tune into the radio show to find out more! 
On Sunday, November 3rd, the radio show “Kist O’ Wurds” will highlight stories from Heather Rojo and Richard Holmes, discussing the original Ulster Scots who settled Nutfield, which became Derry, Londonderry and Windham, New Hampshire.  This band of settlers was led by the Reverend James MacGregor, a Presbyterian pastor from Aghadowey, Northern Ireland, in 1718.  The program will air on the BBC on air at 11am and be available for listening on the website for one week afterwards at this link:

Mark Wilson interviews Jean Manthorne and Brad Dinsmore
in the historic First Parish Church, founded by Scots Irish pastor James MacGregor.
They are standing in front of the MacGregor stained glass window
decorated with the MacGregor tartan, and Gaelic family mottoes 

On November 17th a second episode of the radio show will air and focus on the history of Robert Dinsmoor (1757 – 1828), “The Rustic Bard” of Windham, New Hampshire.  Brad Dinsmore and Jean Manthorne will be featured, and you will hear excerpts of Dinsmoor’s poems read by his descendant.  There was much discussion of the poet’s use of the Scots dialect and language in his writing, and I hope this made it into the radio show.  You will be able to listen to this episode on line for one week after it airs on the BBC radio, until Sunday November 10th, see the link above.
After visiting Derry, New Hampshire Spurr and Wilson went on to visit the Highland Games at Loon Mountain, an Ulster Scots archaeological dig in Maine, and a Scots Irish festival in Pennsylvania.  These adventures will also be episodes of “Kist O’ Wurds” and available on the website, too.  "A Kist O' Wurds" has been running on BBC Radio Ulster since 2002, and features music, poetry, history, culture and the Scots Irish language. 

“A Kist O’ Wurds”  Radio Program website

Thank you to Joan Normington of the Windham Historical Society for the top photo on this page!

The URL for this post is

Copyright © 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Thursday, October 10, 2013

Ocean Born Mary ~ born on her way to Londonderry, New Hampshire

Starting today you will be able to listen on line to the internet radio show Fieldstone Common, and Marian Pierre Louis will interview the author Jeremy D'Entremont about his new book Ocean Born Mary:  The Truth behind a New Hampshire Legend.   You can find the recording at this link HERE.  This story has a special place in the hearts of Londonderry residents, since Ocean Born Mary Wilson lived in Londonderry after arriving in New England.  According to the legend, a ship full of Ulster Scots was way laid by pirates on the way to Boston.  The head pirate changed his mind about killing and looting the passengers when he saw the newborn baby in her mother's arms.  He asked the mother, Elizabeth Wilson, to name the babe "Mary" after his own mother.  In return the pirate gave the child a bolt of chinese silk to make her wedding dress. The rest is history, or myth, take your pick.

I'm currently the president of the Londonderry Historical Society.  This organization was started when the Ocean Born Mary house was removed from Londonderry to Little Compton, Rhode Island in the 1930s. A group of concerned citizens was worried about preserving the remainder of the history of Londonderry, and started the Historical Society.  Again, the rest is history!  You can now see a bit of the famous silk wedding dress in our Morrison House Museum on Pillsbury Road, and also other snippets at the Derry History Museum, the New Hampshire Historical Society Museum in Concord, New Hampshire, the Henniker Historical Society, the Tucker Free Library in Henniker, New Hampshire, and the DAR Museum in Washington, DC. 

A bit of Ocean Born Mary's silk wedding dress
at the New Hampshire Historical Society Museum in Concord.
The stocking was knit by Mary (Wilson) Wallace for
her son-in-law, Thomas Patterson, to wear on his wedding day.  

The Wilson House, Wilson's Corner, Londonderry before it was moved
(intersection of Auburn Road and Wilson Road)
from Willey's Book of Nutfield

You can read all about Ocean Born Mary and her genealogy at a previous blog post, at this link:

The Fieldstone Common episode of Ocean Born Mary at this link:

Ocean Born Mary: The Truth Behind a New Hampshire Legend, by Jeremy D'Entremont, Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2011

Jeremy D'Entremont mentions Horace Greeley in the interview, click here to read one of my earlier blog posts about Horace Greeley's family tree and connection to Ocean Born Mary:


The URL for this post is

Copyright 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Thursday, May 16, 2013

A Celebration in Northern Ireland

Derry, NH Town Historian Richard Holmes
photo by Adam Swift/ Union Leader news correspondent

Londonderry and Derry, New Hampshire residents are celebrating with their sister cities in Northern Ireland.  Derry, NI has been declared the first United Kingdom City of Culture, which coincides with its 400th anniversary. 

On July 10, 2013 Derry, NH town historian Richard Holmes will be giving a presentation at the celebration which discusses the connections between the two towns in New Hampshire and Northern Ireland.  He will also attend a reception with the Lord Mayor in the Guild Hall.  Betsy McKinney, former president of the Londonderry Historical Society, will be joining him on the trip, along with other New Hampshire residents.

According to Rick Holmes, Londonderry, New Hampshire is “the first town in the New World to be founded by Scotch-Irish immigrants”.  In 1719 sixteen families left Northern Ireland with the Reverend James MacGregor, and eventually arrived in “Nutfield”, which is now East Derry Village.  Most of those first settlers are buried in Forest Hill Cemetery.   You can read a list of the names of the original Nutfield Proprietors HERE.

In 1613 the Honorable Irish Society built the walls around Londonderry as defense for their early settlers from England and Scotland.  This Royal Charter established the city and its walls.  The walls were constructed between 1614 and 1619, and are considered the most complete, surviving walled city in Europe.  These walls successfully defended the city, including the 1689 siege which was witnessed by Reverend MacGregor and some of his flock.  These skirmishes and other violence led to their decision to leave Northern Ireland for a new settlement in New England.

For more information:

“Historian invites people to join him Abroad”,  Derry News, Derry, New Hampshire,  by Julie Huss, February 13, 2013

“Derry Historian to Help Northern Ireland Celebrate”, Union Leader,  Andover, Massachusetts, by Adams Swift, February 14, 2013

Derry-Londonderry 400th Anniversary website

Copyright 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Saturday, April 6, 2013

Surname Saturday ~ Tuttle/Tootill/Tuthill

My ancestor Symon Tootill/Tuttle/Tuthill never lived in the New World.  His wife, Isabell Wells, came with her sons, William, John and Richard, on the Planter in 1635.  There is no further record of her in New England, so she probably did not live long after the voyage.  In genealogy we often laugh about the “myth of the three brothers who arrived in America”, but this is the third time I’ve written about three brothers arriving in the New World.  I descend from The brother John, and also from their sister, Dorothy, who married John Bill in England and also came to New England.

Symon Tootill was born about 1560 in Ringstead, Northamptonshire, England.  He was mentioned in his father’s and also in his father-in-law’s wills.  Simon’s will mentions his sons Richard, Thomas, John, Simon and William.  He was buried at Ringstead on 15 June 1630.  Simon’s will was dated 19 December 1627 and proved at Northampton:

In the Name of God Amen The nyneteeneth Day of December in the yeare of our Lord god one thousand six hundred twentie seaven I Symon Tuttell of Ringsted in the Countie of Northton yeoman strong in minde and of good and pfect memory thanks and praise be to allmighty god and weighing and considering the frailety of mans life and the uncertainty of this world doe make and ordayne this my psent Testamt contayning therein my last will in mann[er] and forme as followeth that ys to say ffirst I [c]om[m]end and com[m]itt my soule into the hands of Allmighty god Creator assuredly believing through the onely meritte of Jesus Christe my saviour to be made ptaker of Everlasting life And my body I comitt to the earth from whence it came to be buried [torn] Christon burialls at the discrecion of my Executrix hereafter named, hopeing assuredly to receive the same again at the gene[ral] resurreccion not a mortall but an immortall and glorious body.

And now as concerning those lands and goodes wch god of his goodness hath lent me I give and bequeath unto Isabell my wife All that moytie or prcell of land meadows and com[m]ons wth theire and each of theire appurtenances wch ys due to me out of the land formerly [?] conveyed to my Edlest sonne Richard and the house messuages or ten[emen]ts wherein I now dwell together with all the houses yards lands meadows pastures com[m]ons comodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appurteyning and also All those landes meadows and comons wth thappurtances wch I lately had an purchased of Thomas Holding Edward Asin [?] al[ia]s James, and of Will[ia]m Sillyman and of each of them To ahve and to hold the same for and during the terme of her naturall life and after the naturall death of decease of y saide wyfe I give and bequeath all and singular the said mentioned lands and premisses wth their and each of their appurtenances unto Will[ia]m Tuttell my youngest sonne to have and to holde the same unto the saide Will[ia]m Tuttell and to the heirs of his Body Lawfully to be begotten, and for want of such yssue to the second sonne of my sonne Richard and to his heirs for ever

Itm I give and bequeath unto John Tuttle my second sonne all that dwelling house wherein Mr Wrothfall now dwelleth wth all the houses thereunto belonging and the yarde and orchard thereunto adjoyning, and sometyme in the tenure or occupason of John White to have and to hold the same unto the saide John Tuttell and to his heirs and assignes for ever Itm I give and bequeath unto Isabel my said wyfe the one halfe [torn] that meadow wch I lately purchased of Joane Bateman wydow to have And to hold the same for and during her naturall life, And I give and bequeath the other Mytie or half of the same meadowe to my sonne Will[ia]m to enter [there] upon ymmediately after my decease, and I likewise give and bequeath unto my said sonne Will[ia]m the other Moytie of the same meadow to enter thereuppon after the naturall decease of my said wyfe to have and to hold the same unto him the said Will[ia]m and to the heires of his bodye lawfully to be begotten, so as he my said sonne [re]linquishes the twentie poundes given to him by his grandfather John Welles in and by his last will and testamet and the fyve pounds wch fell to him by the death of his brother Thomas Tuttell and for want of such issue of the body of the said Will[ia]m I give and bequeath the same meadowe unto the eldest sonne of my said sonne Richard and to his heirs for ever and I doe gie to my sonne Richard [illegible] halfe [illegible] the lord mordant [?] on both sides of it.

Itm I give to my sone John and his heirs for ever one dole of meadow [of?] forty foote in same which I purchased of Eusache Morton Thomas Ekins [?]. Itm I give to my sunn John his Daugher Abigaill fiue pounds at the age of fifteene years: Itm I give and bequeath unto the poore of Ringsted aforesaid xxs. to be distributed amongst the poorest sorte at the discreson of the minister and churchwardens. Itm I give to my godchildren xxs. apeece. Itm I give to my sonne Will[ia]m my best bedsted wth the bedding and furniture thereunto belonging, or therewith usd, the table in the hall wth the frame, halfe a duzzen of framd stooles, the yron barres on the chimneys wth the hookes and hangings the bed whereon he lyeth my best brasse pan my best brasse pott, my mault mill as now yt standeth, my bolting [twine and yeelding?] fatt, the barr of yron and the package [?], and I will that all my sheepe be equally devided betweene my said wife and my said sonne Will[ia]m wth the increase thereof so long as he keepeth himselfe unmarried. Itm I give and bequeath unto my said sonne Richard and to his heirs for ever one acre of leyes wch I purchased of Mr Carier, and half a dusson sheep. Itm I forgive [missing] my said sonne John thirtie pounds. Itm I give more unto my said sonne Will[ia]m my great cubbord in the [missing] the greater chest, two of the biggest chaires, and the chest that standeth by the bedsted. Itm I give untomy grand [childre]n xxs. a peece Divided allwaies And I will that all the said Movable goods herein given to my sonne Will[ia]m carefully to apply and husband his mothers business to the best of his power in [missing] of the person herein bequeathed pformed and my funeral expenses discharged. I give & bequeath unto Isabel my said wife [missing] and to be executrix of this my psent testamt and for the better execuson thereof I order [missing] them supervisores thereof and [missing]s. apeece [missing] and seal the day and year above written.

There is an additional line written in different penmanship (Abigail was born in 1628)
"to my sunn John, his daughter Abigail, five pounds at the age of fifteene years."

The will was signed by Simon T.... (the paper of this will is described as fragile and broken)

Simon’s son John Tuttle came to America on board the Planter with his wife and her three children by a first marriage (two of the Lawrence daughters are my 9x great grandmothers), and his brothers William and Richard and their families.  He settled in the town of Ipswich, Massachusetts. In 1651 he returned to England and then to Carrickfergus in Northern Ireland.   On 6 April 1657 his wife, Joan, wrote that he had died there on 30 December 1656.  She probably died there, too. I descend from their son, Simon Tuthill, my 9x great grandmother, who settled in Ipswich and Lynn, Massachusetts.

My lineage from the Tuttles:

Lineage A:

Generation 1:  Symon Tootill, born about 1560 in Ringstead, Northampton, England, died before 15 June 1630; married about 1592 to Isabel Wells, daughter of John Wells.  She was born about 1565 and died about 1635 probably in New Haven, Connecticut. Six children.

Generation 2: Dorothy Tuttle, born about 1592 in England and died about December 1638 in Boston, Massachusetts; married about 1612 in England to John Bill, son of John Bill and Ann Mountford. Five children.

Generation 3: Philip Bill, born April 1629 in Ringstead, died 8 July 1689 in New London, Connecticut; married 8 July 1689 in Groton, Connecticut to Hannah Waite, daughter of Samuel Waite and Mary Ward.  She was born about 1625 probably in Finchingfield, Essex, England, and died about 1709 in Groton, Connecticut.  Eight children.

Generation 4: Samuel Bill m. Mercy Houghton
Generation 5: Ebenezer Bill m. Patience Ingraham
Generation 6: Asahel Bill m. Mary Rand
Generation 7: Reverend Ingraham Ebenezer Bill m. Isabella Lyons
Generation 8: Professor Caleb Rand Bill m. Ann Margaret Bollman
Generation 9: Isabella Lyons Bill m.  Albert Munroe Wilkinson
Generation 10: Donald Munroe Wilkinson m. Bertha Louise Roberts (my grandparents)

Lineage B:

Generation 2: Dorothy’s brother, John Tuttle married Joan Antrobus in 1627 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.  She was the widow of Thomas Lawrence, who died on 20 March 1625.  Joan and Thomas Lawrence are my 10x great grandparents on my maternal side. John was born about 1656 and died on 30 December 1656 in Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland.  They had five children together.

Generation 3: Simon Tuthill, boarn 1637 in Ispwich, Massachusetts; died 11 January 1691 in Lynn, Massachusetts; married about 1663 to Sarah Cogswell, daughter of John Cogswell and Elizabeth Thompson. Twelve children.

Generation 4: John Tuthill, born 22 April 1666 in Ipswich, died 27 Feb 1715 in Ipswich; married on 3 December 1689 in Ispwich to Martha Ward, daughter of Samuel Ward and Abigail Maverick.  She was born 16 September 1672 in Salem, Massachusetts, and died 17 August 1723 in Ipswich. Eleven children.

Generation 5: Martha Tuthill m. Mark Haskell

Generation 6: Lucy Haskell m. Jabez Treadwell
Generation 7: Nathaniel Treadwell m. Mary Hovey
Generation 8: Jabez Treadwell m. Betsey Jillings Homan
Generation 9: Eliza Ann Treadwell m. Abijah Hitchings
Generation 10: Abijah Franklin Hitchings m. Hannah Eliza Lewis
Generation 11: Arthur Treadwell Hitchings m. Florence Etta Hoogerzeil
Generation 12: Gertrude Matilda Hitchings m. Stanley Elmer Allen (my grandparents)
On 28 March 2013 the Fieldstone Common internet radio show featured an interview with Ava Chamberlain, the author of The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle: Marriage Murder and Madness in the Family of Jonathan Edwards.  Elizabeth Tuttle was the daughter of William Tuttle, Symon and Isabel's son, and neice to Dorothy Tuttle, my 8th great grandmother.  You can find a link to the podcast (archived version) of this interview at the Fieldstone Common blog:



Copyright 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Thursday, March 14, 2013

I found an Irish Ancestor!

My family tree is rather boring.  Everyone is WASPY.  Most arrived in New England with the Great Migration or before 1650, and if they left they returned within one or two generations.  My grandmother and her parents came through Ellis Island, which sounds exciting, but they were English just like everyone else.  I remember one aunt saying to me, “Didn't you even find an Irishman?”  Later, I found one German Hessian, and a Dutch ancestor, and several Scots.  How is that for diversity?  My DNA test came up 63% British Isles, 25% Scandinavian, 12% uncertain.

Well, I finally did find an Irish ancestor!  He was an Ulster Protestant, but at least it shakes up the family tree a bit.  My Boston Brahmin ancestors can now properly roll over in their graves!

My Northern Ireland ancestry dates back to Margaret Homes, born 28 February 1696 in Straban, Tyrone, Ireland.  She came from a family of Presbyterian ministers.  Her father, Rev.  William Homes, was a minister in both Ireland and on the island of Martha’s Vineyard off the coast of Massachusetts, and on her maternal side her grandfather, Rev. Robert Craighead,  was a minster in Londonderry, Ireland. Katherine’s brother, Rev. Thomas Craighead, became a Presbyterian minister in Pennsylvania.

The most interesting part of all this is the family connection to Londonderry, Ireland, since now I live in Londonderry, New Hampshire.  I’m living in a town that was settled in 1719 by Ulster Scots who fled Northern Ireland after witnessing the siege of Derry.  They settled in the Nutfield Grant, and renamed their town Londonderry.   It’s funny how things worked out, isn't it?

Margaret Holmes’s father, William Homes came to America in 1686 and taught school on the island of Martha’s Vineyard.  In 1691 he returned to Ireland to enter the ministry, and he was ordained on 21 December 1692 as the pastor at Strabane.  He received a degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1693.  Then in October 1714 the Reverend William Homes and his brother-in-law Reverend Thomas Craighead came to Boston from Londonderry, Ireland on the ship “Thomas and Jane”.  Samuel Sewall welcomed them to Boston.  Reverend William Homes went back to Martha’s Vineyard to be the minister at Chilmark until his death in 1746. 

In Rev. E. L. Parker’s History of Londonderry, page 34 he wrote that a young man named Homes, son of a clergyman, told the people of Ireland the opportunities in New England.  He supposed that this was Captain Robert Homes, son of Rev. William Homes.  In 1717 John McClelland and James Jameson visited Rev. Homes in Chilmark.  William Homes went to Boston to meet with Reverend Cotton Mather at the North Meeting House in Boston.   With Mather’s blessing, five ships of Presbyterians arrived in Boston in 1718 to settle in New England.

                                                           John Craighead
                                                           Thomas Craighead m. Janet Ferguson
                                                            Rev. Robert Craighead m. Agnes Hart
Rev. William Homes (1663-1746) m. Katherine Craighead (1678-1754)
                                    Margaret Homes (1696 – 1778)
                                               m. John Allen

For more information, please see History of Londonderry by Rev. E. L. Parker, 1851 page 34
Diary of Rev. William Homes of Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, 1689-1746, can be found at the Maine Historical Society in Portland, Maine.

This diary was transcribed in the Register of the New England Historic Genealogical Society over three years in the following issues:

Volume 48 (1894), Pages 446 – 453
Volume 49 (1895), pages 413- 416
Volume 50 (1896), pages 155 – 166

There was also a genealogy of the extended family at the NEGHSR Volume 91 (1937), pages 159 – 176.
You can also see the Biography of William Homes from the book Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America by Charles Knowles Bolton (the entire book is view-able at

Ok, my ancestor was Scots Irish, but now I can officially celebrate St. Patrick's Day! 

Copyright 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

Sunday, March 3, 2013

News from Nutfield

The Publishing Permutation
There has been a proliferation of Legacy Quickguides published these past few weeks. For New England, you can now find New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut and Rhode Island Quickguides, and I’ve been told by secret sources that Massachusetts and Vermont will be coming soon.  All of the Quickguides are available as downloadable files for your desktop or mobile device for only $2.95, and some are available as laminated cards.

How do I know all this about the Legacy Quickguides?  I authored the New Hampshire and Maine versions last month. This is thrilling to me because it is almost time for the NERGC conference April 17 -21st, 2013 in Manchester, New Hampshire. You can order the Quickguides at this link:

The RootsTech Reaction
Technology +genealogy +archives +documents = Fascinating Discussions   
I’m wicked excited about attending the big conference in Salt Lake City later this month, RootsTech 2013.  I followed the last two RootsTech events online, and was very interested in attending in person instead of virtually being there.  In preparation for being surrounded by other technology nerds and genealogy geeks, I recently visited the MIT Media Lab event “Providing Innovative Access to the Content in the National Archives Records”.   I had a great time at this event and look forward to more of this in Utah. Read my post HERE.

The Snowstorm Solution
Three major blizzards have hit us three weekends in a row, with several smaller storms mixed in between for a bit of variety.  After Hurricane Sandy, Hurricane Irene (which almost spoiled the 2011 Geneablogger Bash) and many ice storms, blizzards and the famous 2012 SnowTober storm have taught me to be prepared by backing up all my data.  I also have plans for charging up all my mobile devices and staying connected without power for extended periods. Are you prepared?  What do you run around doing when you hear severe weather alerts?

The Crafter Congruence
“Brown Eyed Baker” at featured my cutting board blog post on their “Friday Things” post 8 February 2013   This is a cooking blog, but their recommendation of my blog post led to almost 500 hits this month.  Also, many thanks to the (a knitting website) discussion group that posted my blog post about the primitive portrait exhibit at their website.  I guess that members were discussing the portrait I had photographed of the “Lady of Essex, County”, which was originally titled “Portrait of an Old Lady Knitting, Essex County, Massachusetts”.  This has had almost 2,000 hits from and a few comments from the Ravelry community.   I’m very sad that posts to do with arts and crafts have had so many hits lately.  I wish it were genealogists reading blogs, but anyways, maybe it will inspire a few cooks and knitters to explore genealogy? Read the blog post about folk art exhibit at Fruitlands HERE.
By the way, the cutting board story has had over 5,000 hits from Pinterest since Christmas time.  Again, this was pushed ahead in my blog statistics by crafters, and only a few genealogists.  I’ve seen a huge increase in blog traffic from Pinterest, but most of it is photo or craft driven, not history or genealogy driven stories.  Is this true for your blog, too?  Read my cutting board story HERE.

The Cousin Corollary
Filiopietism Prism at is authored by John Tew, who began his blogging as a guest writer here at Nutfield Genealogy.  He recently found out that we are cousins through our common ancestors Richard Tew (1605 – 1673) and Mary Clarke (1618 – 1687).  Our Tew connection is how we first connected on line through email correspondence.  I’ve found cousin connections with dozens of bloggers, usually through casual conversations with genealogists on Facebook.  I wish more bloggers would have blog posts or pages with the surnames in their lineages, to make these cousin connections easier. 

I find lots of common cousins through Facebook groups.  Of course, many are made on the several Mayflower pages and groups, but I also meet cousins on surname groups, local history groups, regional genealogy pages and even on tourism pages for New England sites.  There were some recent discussions about descendants of the Salem Witch trials that included families that were accused, accusers, witnesses, and other characters from 1692 Massachusetts. You never know when or where you will meet a cousin next.  Do you remember the days when we all used to post queries on genealogy bulletin boards?  Is Facebook the new version of this?

Londonderry Fluctuations
There has been a lot of interest in Scots Irish genealogy all of a sudden.  I’ve had lots of email from queries to the Londonderry Historical Society, from my blog, and from several websites asking me to do look ups for descendants from some of the old Ulster Presbyterian families.  These names include CARGILL, McMURPHY, STEELE, McCLARY, CILLY, ARCHIBALD, McKNIGHT,  BOYD, WILSON and MORRISON.  Some of these families removed from Londonderry to Pennsylvania and then on to other places along the Appalachian chain.  If you have a Scots Irish name, it just might have originated here in New Hampshire after leaving Northern Ireland, and before migrating south and west.

A member of the Londonderry historical society (not me!) will be attending the big event in Northern Ireland this summer.  The 400th anniversary of Londonderry will be taking place, with a year of festivals and events.  In 1613 a Royal Charter established the Irish Society and the County of Londonderry.  The Irish Society established Ulster.   You can read more about it at The Honourable Irish Society at this link: I hope to report on this more later this year.

Mayflower Implementation
When the Mayflower II went into winter quarters at the Fairhaven Shipyard last fall, it was discovered that repairs could no longer be deferred to the future, and some major rennovations are being completed this winter and spring. The ship is now 56 years old, which is a long time for a wooden sailing ship.  I received several updates on the maintenance by email from the Plimoth Plantation museum, which oversees the Mayflower II.  The museum will be fundraising significant donations towards this winter’s repairs and for more major renovations this year.  The ship will return to Plymouth harbor in May.

Click here to help raise the $380,000 to keep the Mayflower II shipshape and seaworthy!

Copyright 2013, Heather Wilkinson Rojo