Saturday, October 20, 2012

Surname Saturday ~ Haynes of Sudbury, Massachusetts


Walter Haynes was born in Sutton, Wiltshire, England.  He sailed to New England aboard the Confidence in 1638 with his wife, children and three servants.  He settled at Watertown and was a linen weaver, but a year later left with several other families to found the town of Sudbury on 22 December 1639.  He became a freeman in 1640, representative to the General Court and selectman for ten years

Walter Haynes’s will, dated 1659, shows his daughter and my ancestor, Sufferana (don’t you love that Puritan name?) listed as Treadway “Treddoway”.  She was a child on board the Confidence when the family came to America.  Walter’s place of burial is unknown. He died on 14 February 1665 and his will was proved on 4 April 1665.   

A garrison house Walter Haynes built on the west side of Sudbury saw action during an attack 21 April 1675, about ten years after his death. The settlers hiding inside were saved from burning to death when the Indians rolled a burning hay wagon towards the house.  

For more information:

The complied genealogy for this family is Walter Haynes of Sutton Mandeville, Wiltshire, England & Sudbury, Mass. & His Descendants, 1583-1928, by Frances Haynes, 1929.  Another good resource is The Ancestry of Calvin Robinson Mower (1840 – 1927), by Lyman Mower, 2004, pages 299 – 313.   Walter Haynes is mentioned many times in the book The History of Sudbury, Massachusetts, 1638 – 1889 by Alfred Sereno Hudson, 1889.

Indians Attacking a Garrison House, from an Old Wood Engraving
This is likely a depiction of the attack on the Haynes Garrison, Sudbury, April 21, 1676

Wikipedia Commons

A story with photos about the Haynes Garrison in Sudbury:

My Haynes lineage:

Generation 1: Walter Haynes, born 1583 in Sutton Mandifield, Wiltshire, England, died 14 February 1665; he married Elizabeth Unknown.  Five children.

Generation 2: Sufferana Haynes, born in England, died 22 July 1682 in Watertown, Massachusetts; married Nathaniel Treadway, who died 20 July 1689.  Four children.

Generation 3:  Lydia Treadway m. Josiah Jones
Generation 4:  Anna Jones m. Joseph Mixer
Generation 5: Joseph Mixer m. Mary Ball
Generation 6. Lucy Mixer m. Andrew Munroe
Generation 7: Andrew Munroe m. Ruth Simonds
Generation 8: Luther Simonds Munroe m. Olive Flint
Generation 9: Phebe Cross Munroe m. Robert Wilson Wilkinson
Generation 10: Albert Munroe Wilkinson m. Isabella Lyons Bill
Generation 11: Donald Munroe Wilkinson m. Bertha Louise Roberts (my paternal grandparents)


Heather Wilkinson Rojo, "Surname Saturday ~ Haynes of Sudbury, Massachusetts", Nutfield Genealogy, posted October 20, 2012, ( accessed [access date]).


  1. Heather, very interesting. I am descended from his son Josiah(s), as well as several other of the settlers of Sudbury. Josiah's daughter Abigail married Hopestill Brown and then I have three generations of Hopestill Brown's. Thank you for the books which I will pursue.

  2. WorldCat doesn't have copies of the first book anywhere near my place (Vancouver BC), but your posting - and the above comment - adds more to my information about the Haynes family. They are immigrant settlers in my ex-hubby's family, which goes through Walter's son John Haynes, who married Dorothy Noyes (m. 13 Oct 1642). John arrived the year before the family, living with his father's sister Elizabeth Read. Love those early names - Hopestill, Sufferana. Thanks for posting - every time you mention a family, I open my family tree and start searching to see if there's a common name. Cheers.

  3. Hello. I am a direct descendant of Nathaniel Treadway. He was my Great 10th Grandfather. I live in Medfield, MA and Josiah Treadway was my direct Great Grandfather #9. Maybe you could drop me an email with subject TREADWAY ANCESTRY and we can correspond. By the way, Josiah took a second wife, Dorothy Bell, niece of Alexander Graham Bell. Interesting Stuff...

  4. I am a descendant of Walter Haynes twice. His son John had many children and 2 of them Elizabeth and John Jr., had descendants that led down to my paternal grandparents, Elizabeth mar. Henry Balcom, their daughter Elizabeth Balcom, mar. Gershom Rice, their son Matthias mar. Mary Boyden, their son John mar. Sarah Smith, their daughter, Mary mar. Rev. Israel Potter, their son Aaron mar. Susanna Purdy, their son Reuben mar. Sarah Gilliat, their daughter, Celestia, mar. Edward E. Wright, their daughter Elizabeth mar. Joshua Simpson, their daughter Berth married James Haynes (my pat. grand parents) now James Haynes was descended from John Haynes Jr., his line goes like this(all Haynes's)...John Jr., mar. Ruth Roper, their son John III mar. Anna Hubbard, their son John IV mar. Mary Taylor, their son Daniel mar. Lois White, their son John mar. Mary McGregor, their son Daniel mar. Ellen Rosencrantz, their son James mar. Gertrude Turner, their son James married Bertha Simpson, so you see, John Haynes Sr is both my 10th and 12th g gfather, as Walter would be both my 11th and 13th. Oh, Walter Hayne's wife Elizabeth's maiden name is Goard.
    James & Bertha (Simpson) Haynes's sons are Robert, Richard, Philip and Paul, Philip is my father.

  5. An excellent and well documented description of the attack on the Haynes Garrison House is contained in the book, "Walter Haynes and His Descendants, 1583 - 1926" by Frances Haynes. The the indian leader who called himself "King Philip" was on his way with perhaps 1500 warriors to attack the outskirts of Boston in late April, 1676. His forces raveged numerous small communities on his attack route before attempting to overrun the Haynes Garrison House and the nearby settlement of Sudbury. The house had been fortified for defense against such an attack and was well prepared for the assault. Contrary to the image presented is some publications of the buildings occupants huddling in terror while the indians rampaged outside, the House defenders counterattacked, killing many and eventually driving off King Phillip's warriors who retreated to their camp, "...rather as dogs who had lost their ears." according to one eyewitness. The F. Haynes book goes on to say, "It has been stated that this repulse at Sudbury foiled King Philip in his plan to attack the outskirts of Boston." King Philip died a few months later at Mount Hope. Also, as mistakenly reported elsewhere, the House was never set afire by a wagonload of burning straw - although the indians did attempt such an assault, but the wagon got stuck on a stump amd burned up harmlessly. There is a good chance you can find a copy of Frances Haynes' book at a nearby library and it is well worth reading, if only for the genealogical data contained therein. Alex Haynes - 9th great grandson of Walter Haynes.

    1. Thank you for your detailed comment, Alex. It will be helpful for anyone else who reads this post about Walter Haynes. We must be distant cousins!

  6. Thanks for the very thru information about my great grandparents. I just now started research on my Hall Family. I'm desc thru Nathaniel treadway and sufferance Haynes thru ther daughter Lydia Treadway and Josiah Jones. I love the facts that makes the time and person come to life. Thanks again.

    1. Thanks for your message, Cathy! It's always great to hear from another distant cousin.

  7. Fascinating! Walter Haynes is my 11th Great Grandfather. I am just beginning to dig into my ancestry. I never imagined my humble Alabama father, Paschal Haynes, could trace his family so far back. Wow!

  8. Wow.
    I am descended from Elizabeth Haynes whom Walter left in England when he and the younger children left for America. Funny, i have always loved the Boston area...must be his ghost.
    Ann Wilkinson