Saturday, September 13, 2014

Surname Saturday ~ WINTHROP of England and Massachusetts

The first known Winthrop in this line was Adam Winthrop, son of Adam Winthrop and Joane Burton, who was apprenticed in London for ten years.  He was a clothier, and a member of the Clothworker’s Company of London.  He was later elected Sheriff of London.

In 1543 he served time in Fleet Prison “for disobeying the wardens in the search because that he would not suffer them to carry the cloth out of his house”.  Adam was not released from Fleet until he paid a 600 pound fine.  In 1544 he bought a manor house in Groton and became “Lord of the Manor” .  King Edward VI granted him arms and the rank of Gentleman in 1544.  This was passed on to his son John Winthrop.   I descend from the youngest son, the third Adam Winthrop in this line.

This Adam was also a clothier in London.  He was made master of the Clothworker’s Company in 1551.  When his brother John went to Ireland in 1594 he became the Lord of the Manor at Groton.  His papers were preserved in the British Museum as “The Winthrop Papers”.  Adam and his second wife are buried at St. Bartholomew’s Church.   Adam’s only son, John Winthrop (1588 – 1649) was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and came to New England on board the ship Arbella in 1630. There were a total of eleven ships that came that summer with the Arbella, and these ships carried about 800 Puritan immigrants known as “The Winthrop Fleet”.

Governor John Winthrop’s youngest sister, Lucy (1601-1679) came to the New World in 1638 on board the ship Thomas and Francis with her husband, Emanuel Downing and settled in Salem, Massachusetts.  They returned to England in 1645 when her husband became a spy for Cromwell.  Downing was appointed to be Minister to Holland under Cromwell, and later Council of State for Scotland under the King Charles.  He died in Scotland, and Lucy went to live with her son, Sir George Downing, in London.  George lived at Number 10 Downing Street, which later became the Prime Minister’s residence.

Lucy Winthrop Downing was my 10th great grandmother, and the end of my Winthrop line.  Her daughter, Lucy Downing (1625- 1697) was born in Salem, Massachusetts and married Bonus Norton.  They were my 9th great grandparents.

The Winthrop Papers are online at 

The Lion and the Hare: Being the Graphic Pedigree of over one thousand Descendants of John Winthrop, 1588 – 1649, by Ellery Kirk Taylor, Ann Arbor Michigan, 1939

Notes On the Winthrop Family: And Its English Connections Before Its Emigration to New England, by William Henry Whitmore, Albany NY, 1864

The Winthrop Family in America, by the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1948

My Winthrop Genealogy:

Generation 1: Adam Winthrop married to Joane Burton

Generation 2: Adam Winthrop, born on 9 October 1498 in Levenam, Suffolk, England, died on 9 November 1562;  married first on 20 July 1534 to Agnes Sharpe; married second to Alice Hunne.

Generation 3: Adam Winthrop, baptized on 10 August 1548 at St. Peter’s Parish in Levenam,  died on 28 March 1623 in Groton, Suffolk, England;  married first on 20 February 1579 to Anne Browne; married second to Alice Still.

Generation 4: Lucy Winthrop, born on 9 January 1601, died on 1679 in England; married on 10 April 1622 in Groton to Emanuel Downing.  He was the son of George Downing and Dorcas Bellamy baptized on  12 August 1585 in St. Lawrence Parish, Ipswich, Suffolk, England, and died on 26 July 1658 in Scotland. Five children.

Generation 5: Lucy Downing m.  William Norton
Generation 6:  Bonus Norton m. Mary Goodhue
Generation 7:  Elizabeth Norton m. Benjamin Swett
Generation 8:  Elizabeth Swett m. David Batchelder
Generation 9:  Elisha Batchelder m. Sarah Lane
Generation 10: Jonathan Batchelder m. Nancy Thompson
Generation 11:  George E. Batchelder m. Abigail M. Locke
Generation 12:  George E. Batchelder m. Mary Katharine Emerson
Generation 13:  Carrie Maude Batchelder m. Joseph Elmer Allen
Generation 14:  Stanley Elmer Allen m. Gertrude Matilda Hitchings (my grandparents)

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Copyright © 2014, Heather Wilkinson Rojo

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