Saturday, December 3, 2016

Surname Saturday ~ LOCKWOOD of Cambridge, Massachusetts

The famous genealogist Donald Lines Jacobus thought that the Lockwood family originated in Combs, Suffolk, England and that brothers Edmund and Robert Lockwood arrived in New England with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630.  But the author of the Great Migration series, Robert Charles Anderson, believes that there is not any proof of this.  Edmund Lockwood, born about 1600, my 10th great grandfather, is of uncertain origins.

Edmund’s first record in New England was 19 October 1630 when he was made a freeman.  He was third on the list of “Newtowne inhabitants” in 1632 (Newe Towne is now known as Cambridge, Massachusetts.   He was made the constable on 9 May 1632. 

Edmund Lockwood was married twice.  His first wife died before 1630, probably in England.  He was married by 1632 to Elizabeth, the widow of John Masters of Cambridge.   Edmund died soon after his second marriage, before 3 March 1634/5, and the court in Watertown was ordered on 2 June 1635  to “dispose his elder children” to their uncle, Robert Lockwood, who was living in Stamford, Connecticut.  These elder children were probably the offspring of the first wife.

Many Lockwood descendants believe that they are descendants of Robert Lockwood because of a very erroneous genealogy compiled in 1889 Descendants of Robert Lockwood (see below).    Donald Lines Jacobus (see above) corrected the mistakes, especially the children of Edmund who were previously assigned to be children of Robert Lockwood.  However, Jacobus’s journal articles were not read by the general public, who have perpetuated the mythical lineages online. 
This is a case of READ THE LATEST RESEARCH!  No one should depend on an 1889 genealogy without checking for more recent research. 

Also, in The Great Migration:  Immigrants to New England 1634 – 1635, Volume 1, page 234, Anderson states “Mary Lockwood [wife of Jeremy Belcher) was probably a previously unidentified daughter of EDMUND LOCKWOOD of Cambridge… These children of the immigrant’s first marriage were to be ‘disposed of’.  Since the son of Edmund, even though he eventually resided in Stamford, married a woman from Ipswich, this may be where he was placed, so it would not be surprising if we found other children in that town as well.)”
Mary Lockwood Belcher (about 1625 – 1700) is my 9th great grandmother.  You can read all about the BELCHER family HERE

Some Lockwood resources:

The Great Migration Begins, by Robert Charles Anderson, Volume II, pages 1192- 1194 for the sketch of Edmund Lockwood.  See also Connecticut Ancestors, Volume 27, pages 9 – 18.

The Great Migration, by Robert Charles Anderson, Volume IV, pages 308 – 315 for the sketch of Robert Lockwood.  See also Connecticut Ancestors, Volume 48, pages 53-58.

“Some Descendants of Edmund Lockwood 1594 – 1635”, by Harriet Woodbury Hodge, 1978

“Early Records of Boston (Cambridge)”, NEHGS Register, Volume 4, page 181.

Do not rely on Descendants of Robert Lockwood, Colonial and Revolutionary History of the Lockwood Family from AD 1630, by Frederick A. Holden and E. Dunbar Lockwood, 1889 (online at     See instead the article “An Atrocious Lockwood Blunder” by Donald Lines Jacobus in The American Genealogist, 1954, Volume 31, pages 222 – 228.

My LOCKWOOD genealogy:

Generation 1:  Unknown Lockwood, lived in England, had two sons, Edmund and Richard Lockwood.

Generation 2:  Edmund Lockwood, born about 1600 in England and died before 3 March 1634/35 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; married first to Unknown (at least two known children, probably more); married second to Elizabeth, widow of John Masters of Cambridge (one child named John).

Generation 3:  Mary, daughter of Edmund Lockwood and his first unknown wife, born before 1625 in England, and died October 1700 in Ipswich, Massachusetts; married on 30 September 1652 in Ipswich to Jeremy Belcher.  He was the son of Thomas Belcher and Anne Unknown, born about 1613 in Wiltshire, England and died 21 March 1693 in Ipswich.  Eight children.  (Jeremy Belcher had four children with a previous wife, Mary Clifford).

Generation 4:   Mary Belcher m. Thomas Andrews
Generation 5:  Thomas Andrews m.  Mary Smith
Generation 6:  Mary Andrews m.  Stephen Burnham
Generation 7: Joshua Burnham m. Jemima Wyman
Generation 8:  Jemima Burnham m. Romanus Emerson
Generation 9: George Emerson m. Mary Esther Younger
Generation 10: Mary Katharine Emerson m. George E. Batchelder
Generation 11:  Carrie Maude Batchelder m. Joseph Elmer Allen
Generation 12: Stanley Elmer Allen m. Gertrude Matilda Hitchings (my grandparents)


Heather Wilkinson Rojo, "Surname Saturday ~ LOCKWOOD of Cambridge, Massachusetts", Nutfield Genealogy, posted December 3, 2016,  ( accessed [access date]). 

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